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Accessibility at Fresno State

Manual Evaluations

Importance of Manual Testing 

While automated testing tools have an important role to play, such solutions are only able to identify about 25% of possible accessibility barriers. Manual testing is, and always will be, the only failsafe means to fully evaluate the actual functional and technical accessibility of a web page or application.

W3C Web Accessibility Initiative - Easy Checks

There are times when a quick check will provide enough information to inform the accessibility-related decision making process. The W3C Web Accessibility Initiative has established the following checks to quickly determine if accessibility is supported in even the "most basic way."

Web Performance Manual Evaluation

The CSU has established a web performance manual evaluation process to help campuses identify the most commonly encountered accessibility barriers. The 2017 refresh of Section 508 established the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 2.0 AA as the minimum required level of conformance for webpages and other ICT.

Accessibility Requirement
Checkpoint Accessibility Requirement WCAG Principal
Accessibility Statement Section 508 603.2 N/A
Consistent Navigation WCAG 3.2.3 (AA) Understandable
Keyboard Operable: Keyboard Operable (all functionality) WCAG 2.1.1 (A) Operable
Keyboard Operable: Focus Visible WCAG 2.4.7 (AA) Operable
Keyboard Operable: Keyboard Traps WCAG 2.1.2 (A) Operable
Focus Order WCAG 2.4.3 (A) Operable
Pause, Stop, Hide WCAG 2.2.2 (A) Operable
Resize Text WCAG 1.4.4 (AA) Perceivable
Link Purpose (In Context) WCAG 2.4.4 (A) Operable
Link Purpose (Link Only) WCAG 2.4.9 (AAA) Operable
Page Title (Describes purpose or topic) WCAG 2.4.2 (A) Operable
Language of Page (Entire Page) WCAG 3.1.1 (A) Understandable
Headers WCAG 1.3.1 (A) Perceivable
Data Tables: Proper markup (H51) WCAG 1.3.1 (A) Perceivable
Data Tables: Caption element present (H39) WCAG 1.3.1 (A) Perceivable
Layout Tables (not advisable) WCAG 1.3.2 (A) Perceivable
Abbreviations used on page WCAG 3.1.4 (AAA) Understandable
Non-Text Content WCAG 1.1.1 (A) Perceivable
Images of Text WCAG 1.4.5 (AA) Perceivable
Error Identification WCAG 3.3.1 (A) Understandable
Error Prevention WCAG 3.3.4 (AA) Understandable
Form Field Labels WCAG 1.1.1 (A), WCAG 1.3.1 (A), WCAG 3.3.2 (A), WCAG 4.1.2 (A) Perceivable, Understandable, Robust
Color Contrast WCAG 1.4.3 (AA) Perceivable
Multimedia: Captions (Prerecorded) WCAG 1.2.2 (A) Perceivable
Multimedia: Captions (Live) WCAG 1.2.4 (AA) Perceivable
Multimedia: Audio Description (Prerecorded) WCAG 1.2.5 (AA) Perceivable
Multimedia: Keyboard Accessibility WCAG 2.1.1 (A) Operable